Displaced persons should be able to make informed and voluntary decisions regarding what durable solution is right for them. IDPs who have returned have not automatically achieved a solution to their displacement. That is achieved when all displacement linked vulnerabilities and protection needs have been overcome.
Results from the eight studies in Darfur conducted by the UN Peacebuilding Fund (PBF) in 2020–2021 show that most returnees are accessing their previous agricultural and residential land, which strongly indicates that access to land is a precondition for return. In all eight localities, returnees face challenges accessing drinking water and sanitation.
Results also show significant variations between localities: returnees are more food insecure in some localities, while they have less access to education in other areas. This requires actors to adopt area-specific approaches to programming in returnee locations.